Emden was nearly completely destroyed during an airstrike attack on the 6th of September 1944. Only the 35 bomb shelters survived the attack. After an inferno that lasted about 20 minutes, 78% of the city and the complete city center were destroyed. Despite numerous inhabitants having lost everything they had, the death toll was quite low with 370 victims. One of the remaining bomb shelters was arranged as museum in 1994 in order to remind of the tragic events that happened during World War 2.